ODA to Ethiopia
Since 2007, the Government of Ethiopia and development partners have been using the Aid Management Platform (AMP). AMP is a web based tool, used by MoFEC to manage, coordinate and monitor ODA. Development partners also access the AMP system to input and review data as part of the joint management of the system. AMP provides official development assistance delivered to the development of Ethiopia.
According to the Ministry of Finance and Economic Cooperation’s (MoFEC), Annual Statistical Bulletin on ODA channeled through Government reached USD 3.08 billion from 32 development partners for EFY 2009 , the latest year for which AMP data is available. This shows 3.7% of GDP and USD 32.2 per capita. Out of the total fund, 7.1% was for budget support. The Government also receives grants and financing from other sources, including from non-DAC donors such as China (USD 249.6 million) and, India (USD 9.9 million) during the same period.
Total ODA has increased by 53% when compared to 2007/08 according to AMP. In line with this, since 2007/08 ODA has shaky trend with increasing rate, as per the figure below.
The five top provides of ODA by their total disbursement in general and grant and loan disbursement in particular are listed below.
|Top five development partners
by their total disbursement: (2016/17)
|Top five development partners
by their grant disbursement : (2016/17)
|Top five development partners by their loan disbursement: (2016/17)|
|IDA (1125million USD)||USAID (247.3 million USD)||IDA(1062.2 million USD)|
|China (249.6 million USD)||WFP (225.9 million USD)||
China(249.5 million USD)
|USAID (247 million USD)||DFID (222.9 million USD)||ADB(215.8 million USD)|
|DFID (222.8 million USD)||UNICEF (135.9 million USD)||IFAD(50.8 million USD)|
|ADB(217.8 million USD)||EU (103.3 million USD)||OFID( 40.8 million USD)|
During July 2016 to July 2017, US$ 848.6 million (28% of the total disbursement) channeled for the following nine programs through Channel one or government treasury: Enhancing Shared Prosperity through Equitable Services (ESPES) (US$ 133 million), Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) ( US$ 423.5 million), General Education Quality Improvement Programme (GEQUIP) (US$53.7million), Urban Productive Safety Net Programme (UPSNP) ( US$ 27.6 million), Urban Local Government Development Program (ULGDP)(US$ 83.2 million), Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Program (WASH) (US$ 39.5 million), Basic Service Transformation Program (BSTP) (US$ 81.6 million), Public Finance Management (PFM) (US$ 6.3 million), Protection of Basic Service(PBSIII) (US$ 9.7 million).
In the absence of strong bilateral general budget support in Ethiopia, large multi-donor programmes support the Government’s efforts in alleviating poverty. A few of the largest multi-donor programmes (pooled funds) currently in place include Enhanced Shared Prosperity through Equitable Services (ESPES); the Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP); the General Education Quality Improvement Programme (GEQIP); the Agricultural Growth Programme (AGP); and the Sustainable Land Management Programme (SLMP). Development partners contribution to these five large programmes account for one-quarter of official development assistance, or an estimated USD 739.9 million in 2016/17.